Agile vs Scrum: What's the Difference?

The business world is fast-paced, and project requirements, customer needs, and support functions constantly change. Today, companies are moving from traditional (cascading) methods to innovative methods like agile to keep up with dynamic and changing needs. As demand continues to increase, comprehensive software development courses are becoming increasingly popular.

Agile methods provide many benefits that traditional software development methods lack. In agile methods, testing and development combine to help develop high-quality software. Agile also improves customer satisfaction and customer retention and provides high-value features in a shorter lead time.

Although agile development is very popular in the business and IT world, few people realize that they consist of different processes. For example, there are Scrum, Kanban, Function Driven Development (FDD), and Adaptive System Development (ASD), to name a few. Why do companies want to hire full-stack developers?

However, in this article, we will focus on the differentiation between Agile vs Scrum. Although people often tend to use these terms as synonyms, there are considerable differences between them.

Agile Methodology & Scrum Methodology

What is Agile?

Agile is a method/methodology that can help us to iterate the software development life cycle processes such as development, testing, etc. This methodology has established several benefits, such as the delivery of high-value features in a shorter delivery time; otherwise, this is challenging in the traditional cascade method.

Agile helps improve customer satisfaction and retention. This is achieved by dividing the product into relatively small units/buildings, which makes the activities concurrent. Agile promotes teamwork and face-to-face communication.

In agile methods, development and testing activities occur simultaneously. Divide the product into smaller pieces and prioritize the work based on customer or business value. Therefore, the agile method aims to gather all stakeholders into the product development process. It encourages teamwork and continuous communication within the team and between the team and the customer.

Agile is a relatively new philosophy for managing the software development process. It is firmly founded on the Agile Manifesto’s 12 principles. The following is a brief summary of agile methodology:

    • Talking to people is more important than having the right tools.
    • Having a fully functional product is better than having mature specifications.
    • Direct communication is better than all the ins and outs of the contract.
    • Being prepared for change is more important than having an original comprehensive plan.

This method is different from the traditional linear waterfall model. First, the characteristic of agile methods is that they change every day. The team is flexible enough to adapt quickly.

There was no detailed preliminary plan at the beginning of the project. Over time, agile methods are open to changing requirements and encourage frequent feedback from end-users.

The agile process is based on iterative and incremental methods. A cross-functional team (comparable to a soccer team, where each player plays a unique role) iterates the product within a specific period of time.

Direct communication helps improve workflow and clarify tasks. Daily meetings between different team members promote “open exchange” and progress. Iterations are stored in arrears (prioritize customer or business value). The desired result is a fully functional product.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is a subset of agile methods. Of course, it also focuses on delivering products in stages in a short period of time. Scrum is not a process or technology but a simple and lightweight framework designed to solve complex problems (project-specific) and deliver high-value commercial products.

Scrum assumes that project requirements must change or be undefined before the project development process begins. Repeated inspection and monitoring of running software can encourage accountability, cross-functional teamwork, and progress toward clearly defined business goals.

Roles in the Scrum framework

    • Product Owner: The Product Owner is responsible for optimizing the development team’s work and the value of the product. In addition, the product owner also manages the product catalogue.
    • Scrum Master: Scrum Master is responsible for organizing daily team meetings to address challenges and bottlenecks in the development process. The Scrum Master communicates with the product owner to make sure the product portfolio is ready for the next sprint.
    • Scrum Team: The Scrum Team works with the Product Owner and Scrum Master to plan how many projects they can complete in each iteration.

Agile vs Scrum: Key Differences

agile vs scrum
    • Agile vs Scrum Approach: Agile methods are most suitable for environments where there is a dedicated expert team composed of a few members. On the other hand, Scrum is very suitable for projects with frequent and rapid changes in requirements.
    • Agile vs Scrum Methodology: Agile methodology believes that leadership plays a basic role in project development. However, Scrum encourages self-organizing and cross-functional teams. Although the project manager supervises all tasks in the first one, there is no team leader in the second: the entire team is responsible for the project.
    • In Agile, there is regular collaboration and one-person interaction between all team members, cross-functional teams, and customers. The product owner, Scrum Master, and the Scrum team participate in daily meetings within the Scrum framework.
    • Agile methods can require significant initial changes to the organization and development process. This is not necessary for Scrum.
    • In agile methods, frequent delivery to customers to get their feedback. In Scrum, the build is delivered to the client for feedback after each sprint.
    • Agile vs Scrum feedback: Agile methods believe that customer feedback is necessary for the process. In Scrum, sprint meetings are held every day for your review and feedback.
    • Although agile methods encourage simple design and execution, Scrum encourages innovation and experimentation.
    • Agile methods place customer satisfaction as the top priority, while for Scrum, empirical process control is the core.
    • Although the job software is the basic measure of project progress, this is not the case in the Scrum framework.

These are the main differences between agile software development methods and the Scrum framework. Regardless of the differences, Scrum is essentially a subset of agile methods, so the ultimate goal of both is to maximize customer satisfaction by delivering value-oriented business products.

In general, agile practices/methods help create an environment where demands are constantly evolving and changing. Through strict project management methods, agile methods can promote and promote the delivery of high-quality software that meets customer needs.


Agile is a software development method that seeks customer satisfaction through the regular delivery of deliverable software. Scrum is one of the many ways to achieve agility. It is suitable for projects with rapidly changing requirements.

If you don’t know which, deciding between Agile and Scrum appears difficult enough. These two terms are frequently used interchangeably. When you decide to employ the Agile framework, the Scrum approach can be incorporated into the process.

When it comes to producing software solutions, Agile and Scrum have a lot in common. Their iterative nature, for example, allows teams to communicate in complete transparency. Though Agile allows you to employ a variety of approaches, you must choose one that works best for your development team in order to achieve maximum success.